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Plasma vitamin A, E, and bêta-carotene levels in adult post-partum Algerian women.

Auteur
LACHILI (B.); FAURE (H.); SMAIL (A.); ZAMA (N.); BENLATRECHE (C.) : DZA. Unité de Recherche. Ines Sm de Constantine. Chalet des pins. Constantine.; FAVIER (A.); ROUSSEL (A.M.)
Collectivité auteur
Faculté de Médecine. Université de Batna. Batna. DZA
Lbso. Laboratoire de Biochimie. Ufr de Médecine-Pharmacie. La Tronche. FRA
Source
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR VITAMIN AND NUTRITION RESEARCH, Vol 69, N° 4, 1999, pages 239-242, 20 réf., CHE
ISSN
0300-9831
Type de document
ARTICLE
Langue
Anglais
Résumé
Vitamins A and E are essential for foetal growth, reproduction, and lactation. In this article we report the results of a study, lead in three Eastern Algeria cities, that involved 786 post-partum women and 250 control. Plasma levels of vitamins A, E, bêta-carotene, and some nutritional indexes were measured in both groups. In control women, plasma retinol and bêta-carotene levels were significantly lower in Algeria than in France (retinol : 1.4 ± 0.42 vs. 1.78 ± 0.53 mumol/l ; bêta-carotene : 0.35 ± 0.261 vs. 0.94 ± 0.611). These differences could be the consequence of different bêta-carotene and retinol intakes, In Algeria, comparisons between post-partum women and controls, showed that plasma vitamin A and bêta-carotene levels were significantly lower in post-partum than in control women. This fact, and the lower level of retinol in control women, raises the question of supplementation for pregnant women in Algeria, at least for those with the lowest standard of living whose protein and zinc levels are also very low after delivery. Plasma vitamin E levels and vitamin E/total lipid ratios were not different in Algeria and in France. Vitamin E concentration was higher during pregnancy, but the vitamin E/total lipid ratio was significantly lower, which shows a relative deficiency at the end of pregnancy. Comparisons of plasma vitamin E levels, at delivery, in primiparous and in multiparous women reveal a better tocopherol status in multiparous women. (...)
Mots-clés BDSP
Vitamine A Postpartum Algérie Afrique Epidémiologie Vitamine Adulte Homme Femme
Mots-clés Pascal
Analyse quantitative Rétinol alpha-Tocophérol Bétacarotène Postpartum Etat nutritionnel Algérie Afrique Epidémiologie Vitamine Caroténoïde Adulte Homme Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais
Quantitative analysis Retinol alpha-Tocopherol Betacarotene Puerperium Nutritional status Algeria Africa Epidemiology Vitamin Carotenoid Adult Human Female
Provenance

Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

Identifiant BDSP
196960
Création de la notice
2000-03-22
Dernière mise à jour
2000-03-22

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